Vocal fry

Habitual Use of Vocal Fry in Young Adult Female Speakers (Article)
This article appeared in the Journal of Voice in May 2012. The article summary states that this study "was a preliminary attempt 1) to determine the prevalence of the use of this register in young adult college-aged American speakers and 2) to describe the acoustic characteristics of vocal fry for these speakers." (posted 2:23 PM, September 12, 2016)

Why is Vocal Fry Popping Up in Pop Music? (Article)
This 11:26 minute clip was heard on Science Friday on National Public Radio on 5/27/2016. Vocologists John Nix and MacKenzie Parrott provide explanations of the use of vocal fry in pop music, and other genres of singing. This clip includes excerpts of The Star Spangled Banner sung with and without vocal fry. Parrots provides results of the study regarding listener preferences. Scientific explanation of the laryngeal mechanism for vocal fry is minimal. (posted 1:39 PM, September 12, 2016)

Women with "vocal fry," creaky, low-pitch voices, less likely to get hired (Article)
This CBS news article summarizes a resaerch study published in the journal PLOS ONE, showing that women who use vocal fry may be perceived negatively when being interviewed for a job. The new article includes an audio clip of Faith Salie, Sunday Morning contributor, discussing vocal fry. Readers are encouraged to read the entire research article, by following the link at CBS News, or given in this database below. (posted 2:34 PM, August 27, 2014)

Vocal Fry May Undermine the Success of Young Women in the Labor Market (Article)
This is a well-done research article showing the effects of vocal fry on listener perceptions. The article includes audio files of speakers producing a sentence with and without vocal fry. (posted 2:34 PM, August 27, 2014)

Dispelling Vocal Myths. Part IV: "Talk Higher!"_x009d_ (Article)
Continuing the series begun in 2010, Michael aims to "clarify misconceptions about vocal production.” In this installment she notes of the titular myth, "Like many of the anatomically incorrect images we use routinely in the studio, this advise is well motivated, but can have unintended consequences.” For part one see 66, no. 5 (547-551); part two 67, no. 4 (417-421); part three 68, 4 (419-425). (posted 2:34 PM, August 27, 2014)

The Application of Vocal Fry (Article)
Vocal fry is a vocal production that is marked by a low fundamental frequency (below 70 Hz), low subglottic pressure, and minimal air flow. This article describes in detail how vocal fry is produced, explores a variety of pedagogical opinions about fry and its utility in the teaching of singing, and provides sample exercises the authors have found successful for addressing specific vocal problems. (posted 2:34 PM, August 27, 2014)